Financial Aid eligibility

Many factors are taken into consideration when determining a financial aid package, including expected family contribution, family size, dependent or independent status, and whether the student meets university, state or federal eligibility requirements. We are here to help you streamline the process to ensure you are receiving the most robust awards package available for your individual situation.

Financial need is the difference between the cost of attendance and the expected family contribution (EFC). The cost of attendance typically refers to the total amount of education expenses, such as tuition and fees, books and supplies, housing and dining, personal expenses, transportation expenses, etc. The EFC is the number used to determine your eligibility for federal, state and institutional need-based aid programs. This number results from the financial information you provide in your FAFSA.

The expected family contribution (EFC) is a number schools use to evaluate your eligibility to receive federal, state and institutional financial aid.

Before you can get an EFC, you must complete and submit a FAFSA. Once your FAFSA has been processed, you will receive your official EFC number. Student financial assistance uses the EFC to determine financial need, which is defined as the difference between the cost of attendance at S&T and your EFC. 

How the EFC is calculated:

  • Based on a formula established by the federal government
  • Takes into account factors such as family income, assets, household size and the number of family members attending college

How the EFC is used:

  • Determines eligibility for federal financial aid, such as Pell Grants, federal loans and federal word-study programs
  • Used by institutions and the state to determine a student's eligibility for other aid programs

The EFC is not:

  • The amount of money your family will have to pay for college
  • The amount of student aid you will receive

EFC is based on a formula established by the federal government that takes into account multiple factors, including family income, assets, household size and the number of family members attending college.

The EFC is used to determine eligibility for federal financial aid, such as Pell Grants, federal loans and federal work-study programs. The formula is also used by institutions and the state to determine your eligibility for other aid programs. The EFC is not determined by the amount of money your family will have to pay for college or the amount of student aid you will receive.

Determining dependency

Dependency for financial aid purposes is not the same as dependency for tax purposes. You are determined Dependent or Independent based on the information you provide on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA).

You must be able to answer "Yes" to at least one of the following criteria to be considered Independent:

  • Will you be a graduate student working toward a master’s or doctorate degree in the coming year?
  • Will you be turning 24 this calendar year?
  • Are you married or separated but not divorced?
  • Do you have children who receive more than half of their support from you?
  • Do you have dependents, other than children or a spouse, who live with you and receive more than half of their support from you?
  • Are you an orphan or ward of the court?
  • Are you a Veteran or serving as active military?
  • Are you an emancipated minor or are you in a legal guardianship as determined by the court?
  • Are you an unaccompanied youth who is homeless or self-supporting and at risk of being homeless?

Federal aid eligibility

To be eligible for federal financial aid (Title IV) assistance, you must meet certain criteria.

  • Be a U.S. citizen, U.S. National or eligible non-citizen
  • Possess a high school diploma, its equivalent, or a high school curriculum in a home school setting that meets state requirements
  • Be registered with Selective Service, if required
  • Be an undergraduate, graduate or professional student enrolled at least half-time (except for less than half-time Pell Grant) in a degree seeking program. For undergraduates in fall and spring semesters, half-time is considered 6 hours; graduate is considered 4 hours. For summer semester, half-time for undergrads is 3 hours and grads is 2 hours.
  • Not be simultaneously enrolled in high school
  • Make satisfactory academic progress. Read our satisfactory academic progress policy.
  • No disqualifying drug convictions. Note: A federal or state drug conviction (but not a local or municipal conviction) can disqualify you for federal funds. Convictions only count against you for aid eligibility purposes if they were for an offense that occurred during a period of enrollment for which you were receiving federal student aid.
  • No property subject to a judgement lien for a debt owed to the United States
  • Not in default on a Title IV loan, or owe a Title IV grant or loan overpayment

Eligibility requirements for specific programs are as follows:

  • Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants (FSEOG) require that your FAFSA be filed by February 1 and that you are Pell eligible. Other eligibility considerations may apply based on funding allocations.
  • Federal Work-Study requires that your FAFSA be filed by February 1; students with high need will be given first consideration. Other eligibility considerations may apply based on funding allocations.
  • Missouri Access requires that your FAFSA be filed by March 1.
  • Federal Pell Grant is based on students EFC received from the FAFSA.

Financial aid award letters will be made to new students by mail around the middle of March if their application is complete and all required documents have been received and reviewed. The award letter will list and explain the aid available for the following school year, and may include tentative awards which will be so indicated. Award letters for current students will also be available on their JoeSS around the middle of March. They will receive an email reminder when their new aid is available to view.

Financial aid eligibility is determined in part by a student’s enrollment level. Most scholarships and some grants require you to enroll full-time. All federal (Direct) student loans require you to enroll at least half-time. To determine your enrollment level, please view the Registrar’s website regarding hours and enrollment levels. If you will not be a full-time student, please contact our office to learn how your aid may be affected.

Some financial aid awards require full-time enrollment, some at least half-time, and some are adjusted to meet the course load, such as the Federal Pell Grant. You must meet the following minimum fall/spring semester hours of enrollment (excluding audited hours) in order to be eligible for federal and state financial aid programs.

To receive federal financial aid, you must be eligible to enroll in an academic program that leads to a degree or certificate program associated with a degree program and must meet Satisfactory Academic Progress per federal financial aid guidelines and Missouri University of Science and Technology policy.

View policy

Dependency for financial aid purposes is not the same as dependency for tax purposes. You are determined Dependent or Independent based on the information you provide on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). You must be able to answer "Yes" to at least one of the following criteria to be considered Independent:

  • Will you be a graduate student working toward a master’s or doctorate degree in the coming year?
  • Will you be turning 24 this calendar year? 
  • Are you married or separated but not divorced?
  • Do you have children who receive more than half of their support from you? 
  • Do you have dependents, other than children or a spouse, who live with you and receive more than half of their support from you?
  • Are you an orphan or ward of the court? 
  • Are you a Veteran or serving as active military?
  • Are you an emancipated minor or are you in a legal guardianship as determined by the court?
  • Are you an unaccompanied youth who is homeless or self-supporting and at risk of being homeless?

Parental role in determining Independent or Dependent status

If you cannot answer yes to any of the previous questions, you are considered Dependent and will need to submit your parents’ income information on the FAFSA even if they do not claim you on their taxes or provide any financial support to you. You can read more about the federal regulations regarding dependency status here. Grandparents, foster parents, legal guardians, aunts and uncles are not considered parents for financial aid purposes unless you have been legally adopted. Students who are estranged from their parents should notify student financial assistance by filling out a Special Circumstances Review Form.

If you get married before December 1st of the academic year, you will need to contact our office and provide the following information so that we can then make necessary adjustments to your current FAFSA.  

Documents required by the student

  • Copy of  marriage license.
  • Copy of student's federal tax transcript, if student filed taxes, or have used the IRS Data Retrieval when filling their FAFSA.
  • Copy of  spouse’s federal tax transcript, if they filed taxes. If the spouse worked but did not file taxes, the spouse must provide W-2 forms.
  • Student must fill out an Independent Verification Worksheet, which can be found on the forms page.  

Non-U.S. citizens


International students

While international students do not qualify for federal or state-based aid, merit-based scholarships are available for international freshman and transfer students. International graduate student aid is awarded infrequently and only to the students with the highest academic achievements.

 

Undocumented students

Although no federal or Missouri state law forbids undocumented immigrants from attending college in the U.S., the federal and Missouri state governments do not offer grants and loans to DACA students, dreamers and other undocumented students.

  • DACA students and dreamers are not eligible for federal or Missouri state aid
  • Missouri S&T does not offer any loans or scholarships for DACA students and dreamers
  • Student loans may be available through private lenders for DACA students and dreamers
  • External scholarships may be available to DACA students and dreamers—search online and talk to your high school guidance counselor for any available scholarships